Home Mozambique UNICEF Mozambique Humanitarian Situation Report No.8 (Reporting period: September 1-30, 2021) – Mozambique

UNICEF Mozambique Humanitarian Situation Report No.8 (Reporting period: September 1-30, 2021) – Mozambique


Strong points

• Security incidents and movements of affected populations in Cabo Delgado continue to be reported as the government of Mozambique and joint security forces engage in mine clearance operations.

• The government of Mozambique has launched a three-year US $ 300 million reconstruction plan for Cabo Delgado.

• More than 15,800 children benefited from immunization services supported by UNICEF.

• UNICEF has supported more than 51,000 people with safe water and hygiene promotion services.

• More than 5,300 children in six districts – displaced and non-displaced from affected host communities – received psychosocial support services.

• 6,700 IDPs, 46% of whom are children from hard-to-reach neighborhoods, received birth certificates.

Funding overview and partnerships

UNICEF’s 2021 appeal for humanitarian action for children, revised in June 2021 due to increased needs, calls for $ 96.5 million to provide life-saving and essential services to children and their caregivers in Mozambique. To date, UNICEF has received $ 29.8 million for its humanitarian response from the governments of Canada, Italy, Japan, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom and United States. Contributions were also received from the Directorate General of European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations, Education Cannot Wait, The Vaccine Alliance, the Japanese National Committee for UNICEF and the Central Emergency Response Fund of United Nations. UNICEF Mozambique also received $ 5 million in fully flexible humanitarian funding from the UNICEF Global Humanitarian Thematic Account. UNICEF expresses its sincere gratitude to all of our donors; without whom we would be unable to help the children of Mozambique survive the concomitant crises they have faced this year. The 2021 appeal still has a funding gap of 55%, as detailed in Annex B.

Situation overview and humanitarian needs

In Cabo Delgado, people continue to be affected as insurgents continue their attacks in the north of the province. According to the September emergency monitoring tool provided by IOM, 2,7481 people were displaced, 48% of whom were children. The highest number of arrivals was recorded in the towns of Metuge, Nangade and Pemba. The IOM September baseline assessment indicates that there are 744,949 displaced2,3 due to the conflict in Cabo Delgado, of which 52% are children. The number of internally displaced people represents an increase of 12,722 people from the April baseline, but does not capture the number of displaced people movements for the second or third time. According to this reference, the four main districts hosting the largest number of IDPs are the town of Pemba, Metuge, Mueda and Montepuez. Older people are the largest reported vulnerable group with 10,796 people, followed by unaccompanied minors with 3,859 children, pregnant women (3,436) and people with disabilities (808). According to FEWSNET4, the precarious food insecurity situation is expected to continue in the conflict-affected areas of Cabo Delgado due to poor access to food sources and arable land.

Joint security forces, comprised of Government of Mozambique forces as well as forces from Rwanda and the Southern African Development Community, continue to clean up areas affected by the conflict. While this has resulted in increased access to some previously inaccessible districts and the cleansing of known insurgent bases, attacks continue as fractured insurgent factions embark on small-scale attacks, particularly further north and west than ‘previously. While some IDPs have made “go-see” visits to verify their assets, the security situation is not yet stable enough for returns to all areas. According to ACLED 5, as civilians and humanitarian aid move to deserted conflict areas, insurgent targeting of civilians is likely to increase in an attempt to access food and other stationery. In September, the Council of Ministers approved6 ​​the three-year reconstruction plan (2022-2024) of Cabo Delgado structured around the pillars of humanitarian aid, the recovery of infrastructure and economic and financial activities. The plan focuses on districts recently cleared by joint security forces and which require investments in infrastructure to establish basic social services, roads, communications, electricity and public administration. The plan, which identifies the need for short-term interventions in year 1 for $ 190 million and medium-term for $ 109 million, will be coordinated by the Council of Ministers at the central level and the Secretary of State at the provincial level. .

Regarding COVID-19, the national situation remains stable with a reduced number of cases as the country emerges from the third wave. Since the start of vaccinations in March 2021, the country has vaccinated a total of 1.8 million people7 against COVID-19. Despite gradual action against COVID-19, other communicable diseases continue to cause