Selemani Jafo, Minister of State in the Office of the Vice President (Union Affairs and Environment), said yesterday that the country’s official position is that there should be a global consensus on the importance of unconditionally observing the Agreement. from Paris.
The conference is scheduled to take place in Glasgow, UK, from October 31 to November 12.
Jafo explained that rich countries have pledged they will strive to raise US $ 100 billion / – every year until 2025 to help other countries meet the challenges associated with climate change, calling on them to keep their word. .
He said the other point on which there was agreement was the need to work together to technologically enable and encourage countries affected by climate change to protect and restore ecosystems, build defenses, put in place systems for alert and make infrastructure and agriculture more resilient to avoid losses. homes, livelihoods and lives.
âTanzania calls on developed countries and international organizations to ensure that this is done with the aim of helping developing countries also contribute to climate change mitigation programs,â he added.
The Minister also spoke of the commitment that all countries party to the Paris Agreement would work together to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius and aim for 1.5 degrees Celsius, adapt to the impacts of climate change and earn money. available to achieve these goals.
He said the particular commitment was important “because every fraction of a degree of warming brings with it the tragedy of so many lives lost and livelihoods damaged.”
Also referring to the Paris Agreement, Jafo said all countries have agreed to communicate or update their nationally determined contributions in carbon reduction targets every five years to reflect their highest ambitions. higher possible and a progression over time.
He said the targets set out “to what extent countries plan to reduce emissions across their economies and / or in specific sectors”, admitting that the targets were important but it was crucial that they ” translate into action, quickly “.
Commenting on the link between gender and climate change, the Minister said that women generally face higher risks and greater burdens due to the impacts of climate change in situations of poverty, the majority of the poor in the world being women.
âIn this context, Tanzania advocates the implementation of a five-year plan to advance knowledge and understanding of gender-sensitive climate action and its coherent integration,â he said.
The minister explained that the government is working hard to help reduce the effects of climate change in the country, and has allocated 362 billion / – in fiscal year 2021/2022 towards this goal.
Other efforts, he said, include the implementation of various projects such as the construction of reinforced concrete walls in Dar es Salaam to stop erosion along the beaches of the Indian Ocean as well as in Pangani in the Tanga region and Panza in Zanzibar.
He added that Tanzania’s participation in COP26 is expected to bring the country a series of benefits, including financial resources and expertise that will help in the implementation of various development projects.
The Paris Agreement, often referred to as the Paris Agreements or Paris Climate Agreements, is a legally binding international treaty on climate change.
It was adopted by 196 Parties during COP 21 in Paris on December 12, 2015 and entered into force on November 4, 2016.
Its goal is to limit global warming to well below 2, preferably 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels. Accordingly, it covers climate change mitigation, adaptation and finance.