By NewsDesk @infectiousdiseasenews
In a following a report two weeks ago, on August 29, in the region of Itasy, health district of Arivonimamo, an alert was received by the health authorities concerning cases of pulmonary plague.
As of September 16, a total of 38 suspected cases of pulmonary plague, including 19 confirmed cases and 6 cases of death (CFR = 15.8%) are reported to date.
Active case finding, chemoprophylaxis for high risk contacts of living and deceased cases are ongoing; regular meetings of plague control committees at regional and health district level; mass awareness activities; contact tracing; An investigation underway as well as vector control and anti-reservoir measures are also underway.
Pulmonary plague is the most serious form and the only one that can be passed from person to person. Pulmonary plague can develop from inhaling infectious droplets or can develop from untreated bubonic or septicaemic plague.
People with pneumonic plague develop fever, headache, weakness, and rapidly developing pneumonia with shortness of breath, chest pain, and sometimes watery or bloody mucous membranes.