A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
The government of Madagascar launched a flash appeal in November 2020, requesting support to tackle food insecurity in the far south of Madagascar, which includes the regions of Androy,
Anosy and Atsimo Andrefana. Indeed, the region is characterized by low rainfall, high food prices and unresolved economic instability. This is in addition to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the various associated restrictive measures which have a devastating effect on food distributions and accentuate the effects of food insecurity on the population. According to the integrated classification of the food security phase for the period from October to December 2020, 1.06 million people identified, i.e. 27% of the screened population, of which 204,000 people were in an emergency situation (IPC Phase 4) and 859,000 were in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).
The Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) and the Malagasy government carried out an assessment in October 2020 to determine the specific localities most affected by food insecurity. The conclusions of the assessment mission revealed that the Commune of Ambatoabo, located in the district of Taolagnaro in the region of Anosy, with its 10,000 inhabitants (2,000 households) was one of the most affected districts classified in emergency phase. In addition, according to the humanitarian coordination, the municipality of Ambatoabo had not received any assistance, which worsened its situation from being under control in 2018 to an emergency in 2020.
In response, the MRCS, with the support of the IFRC’s Disaster Emergency Fund (DREF), launched a DREF operation of CHF 249,900 in November 2020 to support the 2,000 households in the municipality of Ambatoabo through through cash-for-food and nutrition activities. In February 2021, an Operation Update was published, extending the deadline for the operation by two months, for an overall deadline of 5 months. This extension was justified by the delay in implementing the action plan, the deadline of which was three months (from November 29, 2020 to February 28, 2021). Indeed, the supply of items (food supplement, sanitary napkins and panties for dignity kit, face masks, Aqua tabs for water purification and nutritional monitoring tools) has been launched in accordance with the procurement and financial procedures of the SN. Unfortunately, due to the holiday season and the deteriorating COVID-19 context, several of the calls for tenders launched were unsuccessful and had to be re-launched, which took nearly two months. This delay therefore affected the implementation of certain key activities, including the registration of targets, which is a key to any distribution activity, and even the care of moderately acutely malnourished children which was planned.
This DREF operation enabled the MRCS to meet the basic needs of 1,961 households in cash, administer a community model for the management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) to 6,800 people and train 7,725 people in good health practices. water, sanitation and hygiene to reduce their vulnerability and risk of disease. The operation also made it possible to carry out a market assessment, train 22 volunteers on the principles and promotion of humanitarian values ââand reach 62.23% of the target population (10,000) through these sessions to promote the principles. and humanitarian values.
In total, eleven (11) CEA committees were established and CEA training of 33 community members took place. Note, the distribution of WASH and dignity kits was canceled due to the lack of quality and the high cost on the market compared to the items planned.
The French Red Cross / PIROI and the Operational Command Center (CCO-K) / Government contributed to this operation and supported the implementation of Operation DREF. To make the link between the emergency and medium-term needs identified in the target area, the activities initiated in this operation will continue thanks to the funds received from the Taiwan Red Cross via the IFRC. The German Red Cross is also supporting the MRCS by supplementing this operation with cash assistance for the emergency and the construction of water points.
Summary of response
Overview of the response of the Operational National Society
The MRCS made efforts in response to the government’s appeal through the International Federation of the Red Cross (IFRC) Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on November 29, 2020. The IFRC has supported the SN to meet the urgent needs of the population in Ambatoabo. common on the basis of the activities defined in the EPoA. A team was set up jointly by the delegation of the IFRC cluster and the MRCS, which included staff and members of the NRDT, to ensure the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of activities and coordination with partners in the field. The Ministry of Population continued to lead the response activities for the global response to food insecurity.
To ensure an effective response, the National Society mobilized 49 volunteers, trained on the following topics:
CEA activities (22 volunteers) – a total of 11 CEA committees have been set up to better manage the allocation and implementation of activities – WASH activities (49 volunteers)
Nutritional activities (22 volunteers)
Distribution activities (49 volunteers).
These volunteers were also involved in the assessments carried out from December 1 to 5, 2020 with the Ministry of Health (MoH) before the DREF operation with funding from the Ministry of Health. This assessment enabled the MRCS to refine the EPoA according to the needs identified on the basis of the data collected. In addition to this assessment, volunteers carried out the MUAC measurement in Ifotaka commune and carried out food distributions for 500 households in Behara commune, again with funding from the Ministry of Health.
In partnership with the Operational Command Center – Kere (CCO-K), the MRCS was able to register beneficiaries to determine the target households in the intervention area. The distribution of cash for food / basic needs and non-food items was based on this recording. It should be remembered that all community households present in the intervention area were considered.
As part of this DREF operation, the Malagasy Red Cross has set up the distribution of non-food items (kitchen kit, reusable masks and water treatment products) and money for food and needs. basic, as well as food supplements for malnourished children under five years of age after being screened.
Overview of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement in the country
The French Red Cross plans to support the SN by providing non-food items, including WASH kits and kitchen kits.
Unfortunately, the WASH kits were not finally provided because they were not available in stock. The dignity kits planned and covered by the DREF operation were also not distributed because the required quality of sanitary napkins and underwear was not available and the lower qualities available were very expensive (compared to the budget available). Thanks to the DREF, the 9,670 reusable masks and a total of 5,802 tablets for 1,933 HH in 90 days of water treatment product (Aqua tabs), were purchased locally and distributed with the kitchen kits provided by PIROI.
The IFRC has closely technically supported the SN at the field level through the permanent mobilization of support staff deployed in the field as operations manager.
Overview of stakeholder actions in the country
The Government set up a program called âCaravane du Sudâ, through which 1,160 tons of rice, 28,800 liters of oil, 700 tons of vegetables and water were distributed to 60,000 families.
The Department of Population, Welfare and the Advancement of Women and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) through the Humanitarian Assistance Office (BHA) and the Catholic Relief Services (CRS) ) have also set up a program called “Maharo”, to provide 3,000,000 Ariary (Malagasy currency), approx. CHF 700, to each of the 55,880 households for 5 years to increase their income-generating activities.
A post-drought cash transfer assistance program called “Toseke Vonje Aigne” financed by the World Bank (to the tune of $ 13.3 million) and implemented by the Development Intervention Fund (FID), under the coordination of the Ministry of Population and the BNGRC, was relaunched on January 22, 2021, aiming to provide cash to 70,000 vulnerable households for five months at a rate of 80,000 Ariary (around 20 CHF) per month.
The Emergency Prevention and Management Unit (unit under the supervision of the Prime Minister) received an insurance indemnity of USD 2,126,803 from the Panafrican Insurance Company ARC. Part of the fund allocated to the National Nutrition Office (ONN), enabling 16,000 most vulnerable families to benefit from food assistance, facilitate nutritional care for 2,000 children under five and 1,000 pregnant and breastfeeding women, the supply of drinking water to 100,000 households, the construction / rehabilitation of two nutritional and medical centers in Ambovombe and Amboasary and the supply of drugs to the various health centers covering the affected area.
A partnership has been established with the Operational Command Center (CCO-K) to support the operation in the census / registration of beneficiaries. Regular coordination meetings have been organized at national and field levels as follows:
A weekly meeting of the WASH and Food Security & Livelihoods clusters,
A meeting every two weeks for the Cash Working Group.
At the local level, a bimonthly meeting of partners involved in the WASH sector has also been set up.
These regular coordination meetings aimed to exchange on the progress of the response, share experiences and avoid potential overlaps and gaps in the interventions implemented in different areas. The Malagasy Red Cross was tasked with intervening in Ambatoabo commune, while partner organizations focused on other affected areas of the country. It also informed the targeting strategy in the respective areas, with organizations supporting in some cases the entire affected population, as was the case with this DREF operation.